Air pollution is caused by contamination of solid, liquid particles and gases. These particles and gases come from the car, truck exhaust, factories, dust. Even natural disasters such as volcanoes and wildfire contribute to air pollution.
Air Pollution is one of the most serious environmental problems in our era. The World Health Organization (WHO) statistics said that there are 4.6 million people deaths in the world each year because of air pollution.
Usually, air pollution is caused by human activities such as construction, transportation, industrial work, mining, etc. But air pollution is also included by natural processes such as volcanic eruptions and wildfire.
Air pollution is not detrimental to creature lives only, but also to our environment. If air pollution continues, soon about approximately 3.6 million premature deaths per year by 2050 because of air pollution.
Here are the causes and how bad the impact of air pollution on our environment is.
Causes of air pollution.
Vehicle Exhaust Fumes.
Vehicles are one of the main reasons for air pollution. Vehicles produce a large amount of carbon monoxide, and the polluting particles emitted, causes an immense amount of pollution.
Exhaust from Industrial Plants and Factories.
Factories have a lot of machinery inside buildings and on industrial plants. This machinery can emit pollutants to the air.
Manufacturing industries release a large amount of carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons, organic compounds, and chemicals. Manufacturing industries can be found at every corner of the earth and there is no area that has not been affected by it.
Construction and Agricultural Activities.
Agricultural activities are one of the main causes of air pollution. Because the Insecticides, pesticides, and fertilizers used in agriculture activities emit harmful chemicals into the air. It might cause water pollution as well.
According to WHO, around 3.8 million people die every year from exposure to household air pollution. Household air pollution comes from a variety of sources and includes a wide range of gases, chemicals, and other substances.
Cooking and heating with fuels produce high levels of household air pollution which includes a wide range of health-damaging pollutants such as fine particles and carbon monoxide.
Volcanic eruptions, dust storms, and another natural phenomena also cause problems. Sand and dust storms are particularly concerning. Fine particles of dust can travel thousands of miles on the back of these storms, which may also carry pathogens and harmful substances, causing acute and chronic respiratory problems.
The Effects of Air Pollution
Global warming is an environmental phenomenon caused by natural and anthropogenic air pollution. It is causing rising air and ocean temperatures around the world. This temperature rise is partially caused by an increase in the number of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Greenhouse gases trap heat energy in the Earth’s atmosphere.
Human Respiratory and Heart Concerns.
Air Pollution is known as causing respiratory diseases and heart conditions as Cancer diseases do. The World Health Organization estimates that 4.6 million people die each year from causes directly attributable to air pollution.
The animals face the same devastating effects of air pollution as humans. The toxic pollutants deposit over the surface of the water that can also affect sea animals.
Acid Rain can be created by sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide particles in the air and they mix with water and oxygen in the atmosphere. It then scatters on the ground, disguised as normal rainfall.